Plastic Recycling Machines: Recycling Lines

Plastic Recycling Machines: Recycling Lines

HARD PLASTIC RECYCLING

Hard plastic objects can appear in many shapes and types. Each object can have specific requirements to the recycling process. We have a standard solution available for general hard plastic waste, which are suitable for most common plastics. For specific requirements, optional machines can be added to the line. The final product can be plastic flakes or virgin pellets. Suitable plastic types are amongst others PP, PE, PS, PET, PVC, ABS, BOPP etc.

PLASTIC FILM RECYCLING

Plastic bags and foil generally have specific needs to the recycling equipment that are different from hard plastic. To meet these requirements, we have developed standard solutions for the recycling of plastic bags and foil of most common plastic materials. These lines are mainly suitable for PE and PP but can also be used for PET, PS, ABS etc. Main part of the line is crushing and washing equipment. For specific requirements, options are available for sorting and regaining hard plastic particles or virgin pellets.

PET BOTTLE RECYCLING

Recycling of PET bottles is a product specific task for which we have three standardized solutions with many options. The basic part of the line consists of simple crushing and washing equipment. For higher demands to the quality of the recycled material we have a medium and high-end solution with extra washing equipment. There are plenty of options available for sorting out foreign materials. A granulation line can be added at the end to produce high-quality virgin pellets.

ELECTRIC CABLE RECYCLING

Electric cables generally consist of an evenly divided plastic and metal part. The main task in recycling them is to sort out the valuable metal. We have line solutions available that start with crumbling the cables into small particles of a few millimeters. There are three solutions available with different cutting power for different diameters. After crumbling the cables, a metal-plastic separator separates the metal from the rest. Our lines are suitable for both aluminum and copper cables.

TIRE RECYCLING

Car and truck tires are mainly made out of rubber. To regain the rubber for new purposes the tires have to be destroyed and the metal wires and fibers have to be removed. Since machines for destroying complete tires at once need a lot of force we have next to two automatic solutions a more economical semi-automatic solution as well for lower capacities. The semi-automatic solution needs more human workforce. After a repeating process of crushing and removal of metals and fibers, the recycled rubber will be available in particles of a few millimeters.

How clothes are made from recycled plastic bottles

How clothes are made from recycled plastic bottles

Clothing can not only be made of natural fibers, but also from other materials that are completely less commonly known – for example, of plastics, recycled plastic of course, which are turned into polyester. Today we explain how a plastic bottle turns into quality clothing and why this trend holds great promises for the future.

Why should we recycle plastic in the first place?

According to the reports of the UN Committee for Nature Conservation, every year a million birds, hundreds of thousands of marine mammals and a huge number of fish die on earth due to plastic waste. Millions of tons of garbage, most of which is plastic, is dumped into the world’s oceans every year. A real garbage island (Eastern Garbage Patch) is already drifting in the Pacific Ocean, which is a very dense deposit of plastic and other waste. The island is twice the size of the United States.

In addition to caring for the fauna of the world’s oceans, there are many more reasons in favor of recycling plastic, for example, saving energy and reduction of greenhouse gases: research shows that replacing primary plastic material with recycled plastics in production can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

How does plastic turn into jeans and t-shirts

How many plastic bottles do we use and throw away every year? It’s hard to even count. All these plastic bottles of sunflower oil or mineral water are made of polyethylene terephthalate (abbreviated as PET).

This polyester is distributed in the world approximately like this: about 70% of plastic goes to the production of threads and fibers (and we get our usual polyester), about 30% goes to plastic bottles.

Interesting fact, in Russia, surprisingly, it is the opposite: in Russia, PET is used mainly for the production of plastic containers, primarily plastic bottles, and to a much lesser extent for processing into fibers.

In some cases, PET does not only turn into a bottle or a polyester fiber but does both, one after the other. We are talking about recycled plastic, which is usually called recycled polyester. Everything is possible thanks to the ability of this popular type of plastic to be easily recycled and returned to the consumer in a completely new form. For example, a plastic waste bottle can return to us in the form of new clothing through recycling process.

The technology for the formation of recycled polyester seems simple: caps and labels are removed from plastic bottles at recycling plants and bottles are sorted by color. Then the cleaned plastic is pressed, cut into small pieces and passed through a steam boiler. As a result of all process steps, a secondary granule or flake is formed, a material ready for the production of new products.

In particular, polyester is made from recycled granules – a fabric that is easy to wash, while the material dries quickly. After washing it does not change size and shape. Recycled polyester has become one of the main materials in the arsenal of eco-friendly designers.

Who produces clothes from recycled plastic

The use of household plastic waste for the production of clothing goes back to the late 90s. The process was first initiated by the classic fashion brand Paco Rabanne. After a couple of years, the idea began to be rapidly implemented in the industry: in 2002, the Canadian fashion duo Dsquared2 presented their recycled collection. At the show, the models gracefully walked the runway with trash bags in their hands, and all the clothes were made of recycled plastic. The extravagant move of the designers did not go unnoticed and gained many followers.

The ideas of sustainable fashion and sustainable clothing (eco-fashion and eco-clothing) unexpectedly received support both in the world of high fashion and in the area of ​​more affordable brands. In 2008, the American Apparel collection became the first to implement it in mass production – the creators of a cheap basic wardrobe in honor of Earth Day released a collection of accessories made from recycled plastic bottles.

A year later, under the influence of Stella McCartney, the sports company Adidas also joined the fight for the environment. Their special eco-friendly line is created exclusively from recycled plastic, turned into a special type of eco-polyester. Adidas uniforms made of recycled polyester (labeled as PES) were worn by about 70,000 volunteers at the London 2012 Olympics.

Recently, another sportswear giant, Nike, has also joined the recycling movement. In an interview, Charles Denson, Nike’s chief brand manager, stated that “Producing fabric from plastic bottles reduces energy consumption by 30% compared to production from virgin polyester fibers, but saving energy is not even the main advantage. We use 13 million plastic bottles in our football uniforms that would otherwise sit in landfills for centuries.”